资料:Eigen与Matlab语句之对应关系

Eigen是一个仅仅由头函数组成的C++库,支持线性代数,矩阵和矢量运算,数值分析及其相关的算法。

Eigen中无论是矩阵还是数组、向量,无论是静态矩阵还是动态矩阵都提供默认构造函数,也就是定义这些数据结构时都可以不用提供任何参数,其大小均由运行时来确定。矩阵的构造函数中只提供行列数、元素类型的构造参数,而不提供元素值的构造,对于比较小的、固定长度的向量提供初始化元素的定义。矩阵类型:Eigen中的矩阵类型一般都是用类似MatrixXXX来表示,可以根据该名字来判断其数据类型,比如”d”表示double类型,”f”表示float类型,”i”表示整数,”c”表示复数;Matrix2f,表示的是一个2*2维的,其每个元素都是float类型

我对Matlab再熟悉不过了,这里列出Matlab与Eigen语句的对应关系,以便于快速入门。

安装

  1. Ubuntu 16.04安装Eigen
  2. vs2013配置Eigen库

Eigen 矩阵定义

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#include <Eigen/Dense>

Matrix<double, 3, 3> A; // Fixed rows and cols. Same as Matrix3d.
Matrix<double, 3, Dynamic> B; // Fixed rows, dynamic cols.
Matrix<double, Dynamic, Dynamic> C; // Full dynamic. Same as MatrixXd.
Matrix<double, 3, 3, RowMajor> E; // Row major; default is column-major.
Matrix3f P, Q, R; // 3x3 float matrix.
Vector3f x, y, z; // 3x1 float matrix.
RowVector3f a, b, c; // 1x3 float matrix.
VectorXd v; // Dynamic column vector of doubles
// Eigen // Matlab // comments
x.size() // length(x) // vector size
C.rows() // size(C,1) // number of rows
C.cols() // size(C,2) // number of columns
x(i) // x(i+1) // Matlab is 1-based
C(i,j) // C(i+1,j+1) //

Eigen 基础使用

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// Basic usage
// Eigen // Matlab // comments
x.size() // length(x) // vector size
C.rows() // size(C,1) // number of rows
C.cols() // size(C,2) // number of columns
x(i) // x(i+1) // Matlab is 1-based
C(i, j) // C(i+1,j+1) //

A.resize(4, 4); // Runtime error if assertions are on.
B.resize(4, 9); // Runtime error if assertions are on.
A.resize(3, 3); // Ok; size didn't change.
B.resize(3, 9); // Ok; only dynamic cols changed.

A << 1, 2, 3, // Initialize A. The elements can also be
4, 5, 6, // matrices, which are stacked along cols
7, 8, 9; // and then the rows are stacked.
B << A, A, A; // B is three horizontally stacked A's.
A.fill(10); // Fill A with all 10's.

Eigen 矩阵分块

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// Matrix slicing and blocks. All expressions listed here are read/write.
// Templated size versions are faster. Note that Matlab is 1-based (a size N
// vector is x(1)...x(N)).
// Eigen // Matlab
x.head(n) // x(1:n)
x.head<n>() // x(1:n)
x.tail(n) // x(end - n + 1: end)
x.tail<n>() // x(end - n + 1: end)
x.segment(i, n) // x(i+1 : i+n)
x.segment<n>(i) // x(i+1 : i+n)
P.block(i, j, rows, cols) // P(i+1 : i+rows, j+1 : j+cols)
P.block<rows, cols>(i, j) // P(i+1 : i+rows, j+1 : j+cols)
P.row(i) // P(i+1, :)
P.col(j) // P(:, j+1)
P.leftCols<cols>() // P(:, 1:cols)
P.leftCols(cols) // P(:, 1:cols)
P.middleCols<cols>(j) // P(:, j+1:j+cols)
P.middleCols(j, cols) // P(:, j+1:j+cols)
P.rightCols<cols>() // P(:, end-cols+1:end)
P.rightCols(cols) // P(:, end-cols+1:end)
P.topRows<rows>() // P(1:rows, :)
P.topRows(rows) // P(1:rows, :)
P.middleRows<rows>(i) // P(i+1:i+rows, :)
P.middleRows(i, rows) // P(i+1:i+rows, :)
P.bottomRows<rows>() // P(end-rows+1:end, :)
P.bottomRows(rows) // P(end-rows+1:end, :)
P.topLeftCorner(rows, cols) // P(1:rows, 1:cols)
P.topRightCorner(rows, cols) // P(1:rows, end-cols+1:end)
P.bottomLeftCorner(rows, cols) // P(end-rows+1:end, 1:cols)
P.bottomRightCorner(rows, cols) // P(end-rows+1:end, end-cols+1:end)
P.topLeftCorner<rows,cols>() // P(1:rows, 1:cols)
P.topRightCorner<rows,cols>() // P(1:rows, end-cols+1:end)
P.bottomLeftCorner<rows,cols>() // P(end-rows+1:end, 1:cols)
P.bottomRightCorner<rows,cols>() // P(end-rows+1:end, end-cols+1:end)

Eigen 矩阵元素交换

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// Of particular note is Eigen's swap function which is highly optimized.
// Eigen // Matlab
R.row(i) = P.col(j); // R(i, :) = P(:, i)
R.col(j1).swap(mat1.col(j2)); // R(:, [j1 j2]) = R(:, [j2, j1])

Eigen 矩阵转置

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// Views, transpose, etc; all read-write except for .adjoint().
// Eigen // Matlab
R.adjoint() // R'
R.transpose() // R.' or conj(R')
R.diagonal() // diag(R)
x.asDiagonal() // diag(x)
R.transpose().colwise().reverse(); // rot90(R)
R.conjugate() // conj(R)

Eigen 矩阵乘积

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// All the same as Matlab, but matlab doesn't have *= style operators.
// Matrix-vector. Matrix-matrix. Matrix-scalar.
y = M*x; R = P*Q; R = P*s;
a = b*M; R = P - Q; R = s*P;
a *= M; R = P + Q; R = P/s;
R *= Q; R = s*P;
R += Q; R *= s;
R -= Q; R /= s;

Eigen 矩阵单个元素操作

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// Vectorized operations on each element independently
// Eigen // Matlab
R = P.cwiseProduct(Q); // R = P .* Q
R = P.array() * s.array();// R = P .* s
R = P.cwiseQuotient(Q); // R = P ./ Q
R = P.array() / Q.array();// R = P ./ Q
R = P.array() + s.array();// R = P + s
R = P.array() - s.array();// R = P - s
R.array() += s; // R = R + s
R.array() -= s; // R = R - s
R.array() < Q.array(); // R < Q
R.array() <= Q.array(); // R <= Q
R.cwiseInverse(); // 1 ./ P
R.array().inverse(); // 1 ./ P
R.array().sin() // sin(P)
R.array().cos() // cos(P)
R.array().pow(s) // P .^ s
R.array().square() // P .^ 2
R.array().cube() // P .^ 3
R.cwiseSqrt() // sqrt(P)
R.array().sqrt() // sqrt(P)
R.array().exp() // exp(P)
R.array().log() // log(P)
R.cwiseMax(P) // max(R, P)
R.array().max(P.array()) // max(R, P)
R.cwiseMin(P) // min(R, P)
R.array().min(P.array()) // min(R, P)
R.cwiseAbs() // abs(P)
R.array().abs() // abs(P)
R.cwiseAbs2() // abs(P.^2)
R.array().abs2() // abs(P.^2)
(R.array() < s).select(P,Q); // (R < s ? P : Q)

Eigen 矩阵化简

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// Reductions.
int r, c;
// Eigen // Matlab
R.minCoeff() // min(R(:))
R.maxCoeff() // max(R(:))
s = R.minCoeff(&r, &c) // [s, i] = min(R(:)); [r, c] = ind2sub(size(R), i);
s = R.maxCoeff(&r, &c) // [s, i] = max(R(:)); [r, c] = ind2sub(size(R), i);
R.sum() // sum(R(:))
R.colwise().sum() // sum(R)
R.rowwise().sum() // sum(R, 2) or sum(R')'
R.prod() // prod(R(:))
R.colwise().prod() // prod(R)
R.rowwise().prod() // prod(R, 2) or prod(R')'
R.trace() // trace(R)
R.all() // all(R(:))
R.colwise().all() // all(R)
R.rowwise().all() // all(R, 2)
R.any() // any(R(:))
R.colwise().any() // any(R)
R.rowwise().any() // any(R, 2)

Eigen 特殊矩阵生成

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// Eigen                            // Matlab
MatrixXd::Identity(rows,cols) // eye(rows,cols)
C.setIdentity(rows,cols) // C = eye(rows,cols)
MatrixXd::Zero(rows,cols) // zeros(rows,cols)
C.setZero(rows,cols) // C = ones(rows,cols)
MatrixXd::Ones(rows,cols) // ones(rows,cols)
C.setOnes(rows,cols) // C = ones(rows,cols)
MatrixXd::Random(rows,cols) // rand(rows,cols)*2-1 // MatrixXd::Random returns uniform random numbers in (-1, 1).
C.setRandom(rows,cols) // C = rand(rows,cols)*2-1
VectorXd::LinSpaced(size,low,high) // linspace(low,high,size)'
v.setLinSpaced(size,low,high) // v = linspace(low,high,size)'

Eigen 矩阵点乘

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// Dot products, norms, etc.
// Eigen // Matlab
x.norm() // norm(x). Note that norm(R) doesn't work in Eigen.
x.squaredNorm() // dot(x, x) Note the equivalence is not true for complex
x.dot(y) // dot(x, y)
x.cross(y) // cross(x, y) Requires #include <Eigen/Geometry>

Eigen 矩阵特征值

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// Eigenvalue problems
// Eigen // Matlab
A.eigenvalues(); // eig(A);
EigenSolver<Matrix3d> eig(A); // [vec val] = eig(A)
eig.eigenvalues(); // diag(val)
eig.eigenvectors(); // vec
// For self-adjoint matrices use SelfAdjointEigenSolver<>

参考